HTTP2 is enabled on mainline version of nginx (v1.9.x), while Ubuntu 14.04 is using nginx 1.4.6.
To enable HTTP2, the simplest way is to upgrade nginx to the mainline version.
But I met several issues during the upgrade, and here’re the steps, the issues and solutions.
Upgrade to mainline nginx
Let’s use nginx’s official pre-built packages.
- Add below lines into /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nginx.list
sudo sh -c 'echo deb http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/ubuntu/ trusty nginx >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nginx.list' sudo sh -c 'echo deb-src http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/ubuntu/ trusty nginx >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nginx.list'
- Add nginx apt key
wget -q -O- http://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key | sudo apt-key add -
- Update ans install nginx
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install nginx
However, it fails with error that it tries to overwrite nginx-common’s file:
dpkg: error processing archive /var/cache/apt/archives/nginx_1.9.11-1~trusty_amd64.deb (--unpack): trying to overwrite '/usr/share/nginx/html/index.html'
The solution is to remove old nginx on Ubuntu and re-install mainline nginx.
sudo apt-get remove nginx-common sudo apt-get install nginx
Now nginx is upgraded to 1.9.11
Config file changes
- Previously the site config files are stored in
/etc/nginx/site-available, and the enabled sites are soft-linked in
But mainline nginx only load config files in
So either copy the old config files to
conf.d, or add
include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/in nginx.conf.
- Mainline nginx’s user is
nginx, but Ubuntu uses
www-data, so change it in
#user nginx; user www-data;
http2in site config.
Reload nginx, and now the site’s HTTP2 is working.
However, try to open any page of WordPress, it just shows a blank page without any error. The log shows HTTP 200 OK.
Blank page issue
After googling the issue, it’s found that a missing FastCGI param is the root cause.
Add below line in
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
Reload nginx again, and now everything works fine.